Fox Body Mustang Buyer's Guide
The 80’s run of Foxbody Mustangs was a milestone decade for Ford, with their iconic Mustang finally surpassing the 200 horsepower plateau once again in 1985. The Fox Mustang posted some of the best sales numbers in a long time, likely due to the resurgence of actual power.
Surprisingly, Foxes maintain a high desirability amongst young and less young. They are not nearly as valuable as the original pony cars from the sixties (nor do I believe they will ever be), however, they are becoming a more sought after vehicle due to their relatively inexpensive and easy modifiable platform. Now, being a minimum of at least 20 years old, there will of course be some squeaks and rattles. How do you pick a stud from a dud? Let’s find out!
Fox Body Mustang Buyer’s Guide Checklist
• The biggest area of concern is the body and frame of the vehicle—Take a look at the pillars by the windshield and rear quarter windows for bulges or cracks that are a clear sign of a shifted frame
• Rusting strut towers are a major issue for Fox Mustangs—Check all common areas for rust, and parts that must be replaced due to rust
• Leaking rear main seals are common problems for the engine—Check for evidence of oil dripping down the back of the motor or transmission
• Failing clutch cables is a common occurrence—It will be obvious, the clutch will never disengage
What are the trouble spots when buying a Fox Body Mustang?
The biggest area of concern for Fox Mustangs is the actual body and frame of the vehicle itself. Fox Mustangs (well, all Mustangs) are built with a unibody structure, meaning the car is constructed of various subframes connected by the floor pans instead of a full frame design. This in itself is not a problem. Pretty much every vehicle on the market uses a unibody design (except mainly for trucks and large SUV’s) because of their weight and cost advantages. However, the factory bracing is inadequate to deal with the power of the 5.0L V8 up front. After years of abuse, it is not uncommon to see twisted frames simply because of a lack of bracing (which is also why a set of aftermarket subframe connectors are highly recommended as the first modification).
To check for this, take a look at the pillars by the windshield and rear quarter windows. Bulges or cracks are a clear sign that the frame has shifted under the stress. If you don’t mind getting dirty, lie on your back and have a gander at the torque boxes, another notoriously weak area. The stock torque boxes are just tack welded in and do often come apart, particularly when pushing more than stock power levels. Cracks or rips in the torque boxes are not the end of the world either, but it will, again, cost a pretty penny to have repaired. The actual kits out there to repair it are not the major cost, but rather it is the labor involved.
Is rust and decay a serious issue?
With any aging vehicle, rust is always an issue. In particular, Fox Mustangs are notorious for rusting in the strut towers. When left alone, strut towers can become extremely expensive to repair, if even worth it to repair at all. Many a Fox Mustang has hit the scrap yard simply because they fell apart after rusting through the shock towers. A Fox with clean strut towers definitely earns a big check mark! If you do see rust, it isn’t the end of the world. There are aftermarket replacement panels out there, however expect to dish out at least one arm and one leg in labor costs to have it cut out and patched back in. To summarize – rust on the strut towers, tread carefully.
Of course you want to check all the other common areas as well, such as the fender wells and lips, the floor pans, around the windshield and T-tops/sunroof (if equipped). Rust bubbling around any window opening typically means some moisture is passing through a seal somewhere, so it may need to be replaced.
What issues should you look for with an old Fox Body’s motor?
After talking about some potentially serious issues with the frame, you’ll be happy to know that as far as mechanics go, Foxbody equipment is pretty robust. In the event that a repair is needed, it’ll probably be significantly less than any frame or body job.
Right, let’s start with the motor. The 5.0 is a very tough engine. When properly maintained, these things can last a long time before throwing in the towel. Leaking rear main seals seem to be a pretty common problem with these vehicles, so check for any evidence of oil dripping down that back of the motor or around the transmission. Any oil around the pan typically means a leaking oil pan gasket, or the drain plug is not tight enough. The water pumps too, for whatever reason, like to occasionally fail. A quick check that the shaft is not loose and the weep hole (on bottom) is dry indicates this water pump is still good to go.
Transmission & differential – what to Look for
Concerning the transmission, if it is a manual car, check that all gears engage smoothly and do not pop out (test drive needed). The clutch should engage mid-range, not off the floor or at the top. If so, the clutch could simply be in need of adjustment (via the cable and clutch quadrant) or could be worn out. Speaking of clutch cables, this is another favorite item to fail on these 80’s Mustangs (as well as the clutch quadrant). It will be immediately obvious if it has, as the clutch will never disengage. Also note: the reverse gear on T5 transmissions are NOT synchronized. Thus, if you grind the gear when going into reverse, unfortunately, this is normal. A trick to contend with this is while stopped, shift into any other gear (my favorite is 1st), wait a few seconds for everything to slow down, then shift the car into reverse.
Automatic transmissions are a little trickier to diagnose. Abrupt shifting can either be a sign of wearing components or that an aftermarket valve body has been installed. Definitely check the fluid if you can for AOD transmissions. It should be nice and red and have no burning smell to it.
Fox Body rear end inspection
The last major drivetrain part to check is the 8.8” (or 7.5”, depending on year and trim level) differential unit. Check around the housing for leaks, which can sometimes happen. More commonly found, however, is that the Trak-Lok clutches have worn out, resulting in one wheel peels. Replacement clutch packs cost around $100-$150, so again, not too bad.
When shopping for a Fox Body, nobody wants a lemon
Listed above are the common wear areas on these Mustangs. Of course, there is suspension and brakes too, but with any car they will wear simply with mileage. I consider those two latter categories to fall under “routine maintenance and ownership costs.” As stated, these Foxbody Mustangs are pretty stout and can last a long time. Frame and body should be the first priority, as pretty much anything else mechanical can be fixed within a reasonable cost.