Building a High Horsepower 1999-2004 Mustang GT
When it comes to building a high horsepower engine, you can’t beat the Ford 4.6L block as a base. The stock Mustang GT block has been known to handle up to 500 flywheel horsepower. However, this is flirting with disaster. But, with the proper mods the 4.6L can handle well over 1000rwhp! Not bad for a stock cast block, especially one with the revving capability of the 4.6L.
The Mustang GT's Cast-Iron Block - Overview
There were two cast-iron blocks used in the mustang GT’s. One is the Romeo, and the other a Windsor (named for the factory they were produced at). The Windsor is pretty easy to identify as it has a “W” cast into the valley area between the cylinders and also on the front of the block. The main bearings on these two blocks are not interchangeable. These blocks utilize 2 main bolts and two precision dowels to locate the main cap.
The Aluminum Block
Ford used the aluminum block in a number of cars, the most desirable being the Teskid block. The Teskid was used in the ’96-’98 cobra and the ’93-’98 Lincoln Mark 8. Any aluminum blocks after ’98 is the Windsor or WAP block. Both blocks work great but the Teskid is always sought after, being it was produced for Ford by Ferrari. The aluminum blocks use four main bolts and two side dowels. Teskid aluminum blocks are a great way to shed 75lbs from the front of your Mustang GT.
The Weak Points of the Stock 4.6L Mustang GT's Engine
The stock 4.6L engine has a comfort zone of around 425-450 flywheel horsepower. Anything over that, and the rotating assembly could let go and “poof” goes the engine. However, the aftermarket provides a host of supporting parts that can easily handle over 1000hp.
How Strong is The Mustang GT's Crankshaft?
The stock crankshaft is a cast-iron piece and is good on applications up to 500hp; anything over that and a forged steel crank is in order. These can be found used as they came stock in the cobras and can handle 1500hp when cleaned up and machined. The forged crank is a must for any serious build.
Do I Need to Replace The Main Caps & Bearings?
The main cap bolts on all the 4.6L engines are one time use only. When building a new engine, they must be replaced. ARP offers a set of main cap studs to replace these bolts that are infinitely reusable. These are a nice upgrade. The Windsor cast-iron block uses a side bolt to locate the main cap; this is also a one-time use bolt. ARP also sells a set of side bolts for the Windsor mains.
If you send time searching you’ll find many companies offer quality bearing sets for the 4.6L, which usually include the connecting rod and main bearings. One available option is the coated bearings. These offer increased lubricity and bearing life. However, you lose a couple thousands of an inch; so make sure you have the proper bearing clearance. You may need a little extra machining to accept these bearings.
Your Mustang's Connecting Rods
The stock connecting rods from Ford are a powdered metal unit. This new manufacturing method proved to be more cost effective. They are pretty tough, but are prone to cracking under harsh conditions. This is definitely a part to upgrade for a performance engine. There are two types of forged connecting rods available, H-beam and I-beam. Engine builders will debate which rod is better till the end of time. Basically gram for gram, the I-beam connecting rod is stronger than the H-beam. So, to compensate, the H-beam rods are generally a little heavier. When building an all out race engine, rotational weight is a big factor. With that being said, they are both huge improvements over the stock rods. The important thing for a high performance street/strip Mustang is choosing the right rod for your application. Unless you are building a 1500hp drag car, either will do the job. A good set of forged rods will easily handle 1000+hp or more depending on design.
What About The 1999-2004 Mustang GT's Pistons?
Ford chose hypereutectic pistons for the Mustang GT. They work well up to 450 flywheel horsepower. If your goals exceed that, you’ll have to upgrade to a set of forged pistons. Quality forged pistons are generally made of 2618 chrome moly, and include 4130 chrome moly wrist pins. . This is a very high strength steel alloy with a great weight to strength ratio. They can generally handle roughly 35lbs of boost safely. The Manley and JE forged slugs place the top ring down further, reducing heat exposure to the ring during combustion.
Should I Just Get a Crate Engine For my Mustang?
Some folks don’t care to go through the work and hassle of rebuilding a high performance engine. Well fret not my friends; Ford Racing makes crate engines for the mustang GT and cobras as well. They are assembled with all the quality components listed above, and assembled by the experts at Ford Racing. They devote a lot of time to research and development of their products, and their engines usually include a 2 year/24,000 mile warranty.
In Conclusion, Don’t Skimp!
Whatever your initial goals are, allow yourself some headroom for future upgrades. So buy now, save later. Once your tired of the boost levels you’ve attained, you may want to increase those levels or add some nitrous. when the engine is built with the proper upgrades, this wont be an issue. Use quality internals, and quality fasteners such as ARP. Many view the 4.6L is the best small block Ford produced. It’s a fantastic base to build a street/strip car, or a flame breathing dragster. The choice is yours.