Choosing a Driveshaft for Your Mustang – Carbon Fiber or Aluminum?
Choosing a Driveshaft for Your Mustang – Carbon Fiber or Aluminum?
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Replacing your stock driveshaft for a lighter variety is one way to reduce strain on your engine. That and you can rev higher without fear of your driveshaft being a weak link.
An aftermarket driveshaft does more than take a few pounds off your 'Stang. Less weight means your engine can rev faster, and this will result in putting more horsepower down to the rear wheels and reducing parasitic loss. The question is which driveshaft should you go with?
What Does a Driveshaft Do?
The driveshaft connects to the back of the transmission, also known as the output shaft, and the other end connects to the pinion flange on the rear axle of the car. It allows the power being made by the motor to reach the back wheels (with the help of the transmission of course). Without a driveshaft, the car wouldn’t move.
Why Should I Replace My Stock Driveshaft?
Stock driveshafts are made from heavy steel and are designed for maximum noise, vibration, and harshness dampening. Your stock driveshaft is also designed to last the life of your daily driven car and is not designed with performance in mind. The heavier any rotating part on your car, the more engine power is used to move these items. As you lower the weight, you free up more horsepower to the wheels. This will also allow the engine to rev up much quicker to help get you into your power band sooner. This is not to be confused with gaining horsepower from simply adding a lighter driveshaft. You will make the same amount of power, but you are lowering the amount of power being lost from spinning the drivetrain; thus, allowing more power to reach the rear wheels.
A light weight driveshaft is an excellent mod for people looking to spend time at high speeds as well. The lighter weight allows the driveshaft to have a higher critical revolution speed, meaning it can spin faster than a stock driveshaft. Another benefit to upgrading your driveshaft is you remove the middle joint in the standard two-piece driveshafts that has the potential to fail under added stress. Each new driveshaft comes with stronger connections, either upgraded U-joints or CV joints, reinforcing the ends of each driveshaft to hold much more power.
How do I Balance a Driveshaft for Higher RPMs?
While there is an old school method of balancing a driveshaft, today's sophistication of computers and electronics has made it much easier to balance a driveshaft. The easiest method is to get it hooked up to a computer with sensors. These computer programs can read/report weight distribution, vector distribution, and allow changes to be monitored. For high rpm and power applications, it is highly suggested to get a custom balancing.
What's the Difference Between Carbon Fiber and Aluminum?
When it comes to building strong and light parts inexpensively, aluminum is a great choice. It’s an economic and stiff material that many performance parts are made of. With recent developments, however, more and more parts are being made out of an even lighter material: carbon fiber. While carbon fiber is lighter than aluminum, it’s also much more expensive.
- Steel driveshafts are stock for noise and vibration dampening
- Light weight alternatives “free up horsepower” by letting the engine rev faster
- Aluminum driveshafts can drop about ten pounds from your Mustang
- Aluminum driveshafts are significantly cheaper than their carbon cousins
- Carbon fiber driveshafts are stronger than aluminum and produce less noise
- Carbon fiber is also safer to run because when aluminum fails it shatters whereas carbon fiber shears
Aluminum is a very sturdy material for building lightweight and strong parts. It is readily available and easy to work with, making it a prime choice for aftermarket companies. When comparing an aluminum driveshaft to a stock steel drive shaft, you can save considerable weight. For most 1979-2004 Mustangs, you can drop about 10 pounds of rotating mass by making the switch to aluminum. For the 2005-2014 Mustangs, you can drop almost 20 pounds of rotational mass. Power freed up by losing so much rotational weight often equals about 0.2 of a second in quarter mile times, as well as a smoother revving Mustang. The only downside to aluminum driveshafts is they can transmit slightly more rotational noise and can have a little more vibration because they do not have as much dampening built into them with heavy counter weights.
Take note that 2003 and 2004 Cobra’s come factory with aluminum driveshafts; so if you own one, you don’t have to worry about upgrading unless you decide to go with a carbon fiber design. Also, if somehow your driveshaft is damaged, then you should replace it as soon as possible. A damaged driveshaft can be harmful to the car and/or driver and can cause a lot of unnecessary vibration, which could end up loosening or damaging other parts.
Carbon Fiber Driveshafts
Carbon fiber is a miracle material. It’s even lighter than aluminum and has more torsional strength than steel. A carbon fiber driveshaft will typically weigh about 1-2 pounds less than an aluminum driveshaft. The slight weight difference gives it a slight advantage over aluminum, but the biggest benefit to a carbon fiber driveshaft is its ability to absorb vibrations and other rotational harmonics commonly transmitted by steel and aluminum driveshafts. Since carbon fiber is many layers, the plies of the driveshaft will absorb and dissipate the vibrations. Carbon fiber is also safer if it were to fail. When an aluminum driveshaft breaks it can throw shrapnel all over the place and cause serious damage the underside of your Mustang. When a carbon fiber driveshaft fails, it will shred back into fibers.
Carbon fiber driveshafts are rated to withstand up to 900HP. Carbon fiber driveshaft’s also come with upgraded U-joints and CV joints to deliver strong connections between the engine and the rear axle. By switching to a carbon fiber driveshaft, you will have the least amount of vibration over any other available option. Most people find a carbon fiber driveshaft is the best choice in keeping cabin noise down as well.
Carbon Fiber Driveshaft
Which Driveshaft is Right For Me?
Carbon fiber offers many benefits over aluminum, but that comes with a cost. On average, carbon fiber driveshafts cost about 30-50% more than their aluminum counterparts. If you are looking for a driveshaft to lower ETs, make the car rev more quickly, and don’t mind a little extra noise, the aluminum driveshaft is the way to go. If you are looking for improved performance, a refined driveline, and do not mind spending the extra money for that refinement, a carbon fiber driveshaft is right for you.
After selecting the material of driveshaft you decide to use, you then have to make sure it is the right fit for your model. For 79-95 Mustangs with the 5.0L and 94-04 V6 Mustangs use a 28 spline design that is accepted by the C4, T5, and AOD transmissions. The 96-04 Mustang GT’s and the 03-04 Mach 1 both use a 31 spline design that is accepted by the T-45 and T3650 transmissions. The 03-04 Cobra’s have a 27 spline yoke used in the T-56 transmissions.
However, if you have swapped transmissions, the driveshaft you need to use may be different. For example, if you swap a T-56 transmission in a 99-04 GT, then you will need to run a different driveshaft and possibly a spacer to make up for the different in length just to be safe. Keep in mind there are a number of other items needed to perform this swap correctly such as universal joints, yokes, and or a pinion flange.
What Else Do I Need?
A driveshaft safety loop is a key safety component required at most drag strips if your Mustang is tearing down the 1320. They are simple brackets that keep your driveshaft from shooting through your floor in case of failure. The NHRA requires the use of a driveshaft safety loop on vehicles running 12.99 or faster in the quarter mile. When aiming for higher racing speeds and better track times, it’s best to make sure you have the proper tune on your Mustang. Going with the Bama SF3/X3, our BAMA team can remove your speed limiter and make sure your ‘Stang delivers power down the track.
Driveshaft Safety Loop
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